Ergonomics is the science or study of people in their work environment. The purpose of ergonomics is to prevent Musculoskeletal Disorders (MSDs) and injury to soft tissue brought on through repetitive motion, odd posture and position, and unnecessary body strain while performing work tasks. Ultimately, work should be modified to fit around the worker to increase efficiency and safety. Ergonomics is achieved by establishing good work procedures, using appropriate work tools, modifying workspaces to suit the worker's comfort, alternating work motions, and taking frequent breaks.
Ergonomics applies to, but is not limited to, the following work environments:
- Computer workstations
- Laboratory spaces
- Construction sites